时间:2014-10-24 17:09:07  作者:未知  来源:美国之音  查看:25  评论:0
内容摘要:2014哥伦布日(COLUMBUS DAY, 2014)美利坚合众国总统公告当年克里斯托弗∙哥伦布(Christopher Columbus),意大利热那亚(Genoa)之子开始横跨大西洋的航程的时候,没有人能够想象他可能对全世界产生哪些深远和永恒的影响。他探索从西部...

2014哥伦布日(COLUMBUS DAY, 2014



当年克里斯托弗∙哥伦布(Christopher Columbus),意大利热那亚(Genoa)之子开始横跨大西洋的航程的时候,没有人能够想象他可能对全世界产生哪些深远和永恒的影响。他探索从西部 通往亚洲的航道,结果发现了巴哈马(Bahamas)。1492年10月12日,哥伦布的船员踏上了加勒比海的一座岛屿,从此改写了历史。这对欧洲在很大 程度上标志着发现了“新世界”(New World),展开了此后5个多世纪的生动画卷。


在新世界,历史被重新书写。这段历史记载了一个观念走过的历程 -- 不论男女,人人生而平等 – 讲述了一个群体为实现人人平等进行的斗争。这段历史也属于美洲原住民(Native Americans),一部长期受暴力、疾病和匮乏困扰的辛酸史。


哥伦布的历史性航程迎来了一个新的时代。从此,全世界再也不是旧模样。他走过的历程为世世代代意大利移民打开了大门,他们追随他的脚印,跨越大洋寻 求美洲带来的希望。这些移民及其后代与哥伦布一样,改变了他们登陆时踏上的这片土地。美国意大利裔丰富了我们的文化,壮大了我国的实力。他们加入我国军 队,以崇高的精神和忠诚之心提供服务。今天他们作为我们各社区的领军人物和行业先驱弘扬他们丰富的传统。

在哥伦布日到来之际,我们回顾这个促使世界发生变化的时刻。我们纪念克里斯托弗∙哥伦布产生的影响,同时也向美洲原住民的遗产表示敬意,强调我国政 府为增强他们部落自主权做出的承诺。我们庆祝美洲大陆的悠久历史,纪念多样性的人民做出的贡献,其中有些人祖祖辈辈居住在这片土地上,有些人则跨越大洋, 冒着生命的危险来这里建立家园。我们以同样坚定的探索精神,大胆开拓空间、医疗和技术的新边疆,敢于再一次改变我们的世界。

为了纪念522年前克里斯托弗∙哥伦布进行的历史性航行,国会(Congress)于1934年4月30日通过联合决议,并于1968年经过修订(36 U.S.C. 107),要求总统宣告每年10月份的第二个星期一为“哥伦布日”。

为此,我,美利坚合众国总统巴拉克•欧巴马(Barack Obama),特此宣布2014年10月13日为哥伦布日。我吁请美国人民通过适当的仪式和活动纪念这个日子。我还指令所有公共建筑在这个指定的日子悬挂 美国国旗,弘扬我国多样性的历史传统并表彰所有为缔造这个国家作出贡献的人。






When Christopher Columbus -- a son of Genoa, Italy -- set sail across the Atlantic, no one could imagine the profound and lasting impact he would have on the world. In search of a westward route to Asia, he instead spotted the Bahamas. As dawn broke on October 12, 1492, Columbus's crew set foot on a Caribbean island and changed the course of history. For much of Europe, this marked the discovery of the New World, and it set in motion the more than five centuries that have followed.

In a new world, explorers found opportunity. They endured unforgiving winters and early hardship. They pushed west across a continent, charting rivers and mountains, and expanded our understanding of the world as they embraced the principle of self-reliance.

In a new world, a history was written. It tells the story of an idea -- that all women and men are created equal -- and a people's struggle to fulfill it. And it is a history shared by Native Americans, one marred with long and shameful chapters of violence, disease, and deprivation.

In a new world, a Nation was born. A resolute people fought for democracy, liberty, and freedom from tyranny. They secured fundamental rights to expression, petition, and free exercise of religion and built a beacon of hope to people everywhere who cherish these ideals.

Columbus's historic voyage ushered in a new age, and since, the world has never been the same. His journey opened the door for generations of Italian immigrants who followed his path across an ocean in pursuit of the promise of America. Like Columbus, these immigrants and their descendants have shaped the place where they landed. Italian Americans have enriched our culture and strengthened our country. They have served with honor and distinction in our Armed Forces, and today, they embrace their rich heritage as leaders in our communities and pioneers of industry.

On Columbus Day, we reflect on the moment the world changed. And as we recognize the influence of Christopher Columbus, we also pay tribute to the legacy of Native Americans and our Government's commitment to strengthening their tribal sovereignty. We celebrate the long history of the American continents and the contributions of a diverse people, including those who have always called this land their home and those who crossed an ocean and risked their lives to do so. With the same sense of exploration, we boldly pursue new frontiers of space, medicine, and technology and dare to change our world once more.

In commemoration of Christopher Columbus's historic voyage 522 years ago, the Congress, by joint resolution of April 30, 1934, and modified in 1968 (36 U.S.C. 107), as amended, has requested the President proclaim the second Monday of October of each year as "Columbus Day."

NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, do hereby proclaim October 13, 2014, as Columbus Day. I call upon the people of the United States to observe this day with appropriate ceremonies and activities. I also direct that the flag of the United States be displayed on all public buildings on the appointed day in honor of our diverse history and all who have contributed to shaping this Nation.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this tenth day of October, in the year of our Lord two thousand fourteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-ninth.


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