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遣返泰难民营内缅甸难民面临挑战

时间:2017-05-13 08:50:51  作者:未知  来源:美国之音  查看:11  评论:0
内容摘要:在联合国支持下向缅甸遣返9万8千名缅甸难民的努力进展缓慢,随着国际捐助者削减为泰国难民营提供的经费,遣返工作面临越来越大的压力。人道工作人员表示,资金压力正好又遇到由于连年冲突导致缅甸东南部的基础设施和卫生系统严重不足,以及安全形势动荡不定带来的困扰。泰缅边境地带的9座难民营是1...

在联合国支持下向缅甸遣返9万8千名缅甸难民的努力进展缓慢,随着国际捐助者削减为泰国难民营提供的经费,遣返工作面临越来越大的压力。

人道工作人员表示,资金压力正好又遇到由于连年冲突导致缅甸东南部的基础设施和卫生系统严重不足,以及安全形势动荡不定带来的困扰。

泰缅边境地带的9座难民营是1980年代中期设立了。当时缅甸难民蜂拥至泰国,以躲避少数族裔武装和缅甸军方之间的冲突。

但是随着缅甸选举,在昂山素季领导下的文官政府2015年建立,缅甸获得民主,难民遣返项目也开始增加。

Myanmar Refugees in Thai Camps Facing Repatriation Challenges

Efforts to repatriate over 98,000 ethnic Burmese refugees to Myanmar with United Nations support are making slow progress but coming under growing pressure as international donors cut funds to camps in Thailand where the refugees are living.

Humanitarian workers say the funding pressures come against a back drop of security uncertainties as well as issues of inadequate infrastructure and health systems in southeast Myanmar after years of conflict.

The nine camps on the Thai border have been in place since the mid-1980s as refugees flooded into Thailand to escape conflict between armed ethnic armies and the Myanmar military.

But programs to repatriate the refugees have increased as Myanmar, also known as Burma, has moved to democracy after the election of the civilian government under Aung San Suu Kyi in 2015.

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