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Prenup!婚前协议

时间:2014-11-23 10:03:12  作者:BBC Learning English  来源:BBC中文网  查看:89  评论:0
内容摘要:Prenup婚前协议We often abbreviate words by dropping the endings.缩写词一般是不要末尾的那一部分。There's a technical term for it in linguistics - they're...

Prenup
婚前协议
We often abbreviate words by dropping the endings.
缩写词一般是不要末尾的那一部分。
There's a technical term for it in linguistics - they're called clippings.
在语言学上我们称之为“截断法”。
I suppose the word 'ad' is the most familiar, from advertisements.
我个人认为由advertisements这个词而来的ad(广告)最为人所知。
'Pram' is another, from perambulator, and nobody uses that these days, really.
pram”(婴儿车,巡视者)来自单词 “perambulator”,现在已经没有多少人用了。
“And now, we've got 'pre-nup' which came in in the 1980s I suppose.
如今我们又有了prenup(婚前协议)这个词,应该是出自20世纪80年代,我觉得。
It's short for pre-nuptial agreement.
Prenup是prenuptial(婚前协议)的简称。
In other words, it's two people who're coming together, and they're going to get married, they're going to have their nuptials, they're going to get married - and because they think the marriage is not going to last for very long and there's going to be a messy divorce, where they're going to have to split all their worldly goods, they decide to have a pre-nup, which is an agreement, a pre-nuptial agreement, where they decide who's going to have what, and it's going to save a lot of mess in due course.
换句话说,就是两个人在一起,准备结婚,于是会签一份婚前协议;两个人马上要结婚了,但是因为觉得这份婚姻可能不会长久而离婚又可能会有很多麻烦,例如离婚的时候,他们需要对共同的财产进行分割。所以, 婚前,人们会签一份协议,也就是一份同意书,这份同意书会规定离婚后双方所能得到的东西,用这样的一种方式,在一定的时候会省掉很多麻烦。
Funny idea really....but very popular amongst American film stars apparently.
也学这种做法很荒唐好笑,但是在美国影星夫妇中极其常见。
Well, it isn't modern, actually. The earliest time I ever found any reference to it is 1916.
呃,实际上“婚前协议”这个词并不是现代才有的。我发现最早在1916年这个词就出现了。
So, it was very common in the United States during the 20th century and is increasing elsewhere.
在20世纪的美国,pre-nuptial已经变得很常见,在别处也在变得越来越普遍。
But the clipping, the abbreviated form, is very recent - I've only heard that since the 1980s.
但是,这个词的缩略形式却是最近才有的,是从20世纪80年代才开始被使用的。
How do you write it? Well some people write it pre hyphen nup,
你是怎么写这个词的呢?呃,有些人写成pre-nup;
but increasingly these days they've been dropping the hyphen, and the two elements are written solid, without any space or any hyphen in-between.
但是现在越来越多的人会省掉连字符,把pre和nup直接写在一起。
The words have come together....not so of course the people they refer to!
两个词变成了真正意义上的一个词,但是,签prenup的人可不见得也会这样合二为一。

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