Tests

备战高考:英语短文改错和语法填空高频考点精讲

动词形,名词数, 还要注意形和副;
非谓语,细辨别, 代词格,细领悟;
介词冠词常常考,习惯用法要记好;
句子成分多分析;逻辑连词须关注。
★动词形
1. 时态
1) does — did 2) have / has + pp. — had + pp. 3) have/has/had + pp. — did
识别标志词 时态与时间状语
一般现在时 am / is / are + n. / adj. ; do / does
every…,sometimes, on Sundays, often, always, usually, seldom,
1. 火车, 飞机时刻表 2. Here / There 3. 主将从现 4. 爱好
◆动词第三人称单数变化规则
1) 一般加 -s. 2) 以ch,sh,s,x 或 o 结尾的动词,在后面加 -es。
3) 以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把 y变为 i 再加 -es.
一般过去时 was / were + n. / adj.; did
yesterday,last week,an hour ago,the other day,in 1982,just now, used to 
1. It was + 时间点 + when … did 2. for + 时间段
◆动词过去式/过去分词的变化规则
1)一般加 ed 2)以不发音的 e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 d,如:
3)以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把y变为i 再加ed,
4)以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加ed,如:
stopped begged fretted dragged dropped planned dotted dripped
一般将来时 will / be going to / be to / be about to
next…,tomorrow,in+时间
过去将来时 常用于宾语从句中, the next week; the following month

现在进行时 am / is / are doing
now, right, at present,
◆动名词的规则变化
1) 一般情况下,直接在动词后加-ing (现在进行时)work working study – studying
2) 动词以不发音的-e结尾,要去-e加-ing take – taking make – making
3) 重读闭音节的动词,要双写词尾字母,再加-ing cut – cutting put begin
4) 以-ie结尾的动词,把变成y再加-ing lie – lying tie – tying
……
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